The Dangers of Sugary Drinks to Health

Sugary drink products are very sold in the market and the longer the more diverse types. Although it tastes delicious, sugary drinks can harm health, especially if consumed in excess. Know what are the dangers of sugary drinks to health so that you do not just consume them.

Sugary drinks are types of drinks that have been given sweeteners, such as liquid sugar, brown sugar, syrup, honey, fruit concentrates, and artificial sweeteners. Some examples of sugary drinks that are much loved are soda, fruit juice, packaged drinks, and boba drinks.

In addition to high in sugar, sugary drink products do not contain many nutrients that are beneficial to the body. In fact, pure fruit juice that is said to be healthy because it contains a lot of vitamins is actually no healthier than whole fruit. This is because the fiber content in fruit juice is very low while the sugar content is high.

Excessive sugar consumption is associated with weight gain and the emergence of various diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and some types of cancer.

Recognize the Dangers of Sugary Drinks to the Body

Research shows that consumption of 2–6 glasses of sugar-sweetened beverages per week can increase the risk of death by 6%, and consumption of 1–2 glasses of sugar-sweetened beverages per day can increase the risk of death by 14%.

The dangers of sugary drinks to health cannot be underestimated. The following are some diseases that can arise due to consuming too many sugary drinks:

1. Obesity

Weight gain occurs when the number of calories in is greater than the number of calories burned for activity. Well, the high sugar content in sugary drinks will give you a large amount of calorie intake.

In contrast to solid foods, sugary drinks do not give you a feeling of fullness, so you will still eat large amounts of food even though you are getting a lot of calories from sugary drinks. As a result, the incoming calories will exceed the body’s needs and there is weight gain.

Uncontrolled weight gain can lead to overweight and obesity. Obesity is a risk factor for various deadly diseases, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer.

Therefore, limit the consumption of sugary drinks to prevent obesity as well as reduce the risk of death from these diseases.

2. Diabetes

The high sugar content in sugary drinks can increase blood sugar levels and increase your risk of developing diabetes. Diabetes can cause complications in the kidneys, eyes, and heart.

A study showed that consuming 1-2 glasses of sugary drinks per day can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 26%.

3. High cholesterol and heart disease

There are two types of cholesterol, namely good cholesterol (high density lipoprotein / HDL) and bad cholesterol (low density lipoprotein / LDL). People who frequently consume sugary drinks tend to have lower HDL levels and higher LDL levels.

High LDL levels can increase your risk of narrowing the arteries in the heart. A study states that consuming 1 can of sugary drink per day will increase the risk of heart attack by as much as 20%.

4. Tooth decay

Consumption of foods or drinks high in sugar can cause tooth decay. To avoid this, sugary drinks are only recommended to be consumed during meal times.

This also applies to fruit juices because the sugar and acid content in them can damage teeth. Therefore, fruit juice should only be consumed during the main meal and the amount should also be limited. The recommended amount of pure fruit juice consumption is 150 ml per day.

5. Certain types of cancer

A study states that excessive consumption of sugary drinks can increase the risk of developing cancer in general, except for lung cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer. The type of cancer that is closely related to the consumption of sugary drinks is breast cancer.

Excessive consumption of pure fruit juices can also increase the risk of cancer. Therefore, the consumption of whole fruit is much more recommended than the consumption of fruit juice which only has juice.

To avoid the dangers of sugary drinks, you need to limit their consumption. Instead of sugary drinks, you can choose plain water or carbonated water that doesn’t contain sweeteners. You can also consume low-calorie sodas that contain less sugar.

If you often consume sugary drinks, it never hurts to see a doctor to monitor blood sugar levels and find out the risk of other diseases due to excessive sugar consumption.

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5 Safe Fast Diets

There are several things to consider when going on a safe fast diet. Not only for maximum results, this diet method can also cause health problems if done in an inappropriate way.

Actually, fast diets for weight loss are not recommended, because this diet is difficult to implement in the long term. Even if this diet works, you are more at risk of experiencing health problems, even rapid weight gain after this diet is stopped.

However, if you still want to try a fast diet to lose weight, you need to pay attention to several things so that the diet you are following remains safe for your health.

The Right Way to Live a Safe Fast Diet

Before discussing further about implementing a safe fast diet, you should know that there is a recommendation for weight loss that is carried out while on a diet, which is 0.5–1 kg a week.

Losing weight more than this amount can be done by undergoing a fast diet. However, to stay safe, you can do this in the following ways:

1. Reduce food portions

One of the things that are recommended when undergoing a strict diet is to reduce the portion of food. If you are still confused about how much food to reduce, you can simply reduce the portion of your meal to half of the portion you normally eat.

When reducing the portion of this meal, you are encouraged to reduce the types of foods that contain carbohydrates or sugar, saturated fat, and salt. Meanwhile, the portion of vegetables and fruit is recommended not to be reduced and instead to be increased.

2. Avoid consuming refined carbohydrates

In addition to reducing carbohydrate consumption, you are also advised to avoid consuming refined carbohydrates and replace them with carbohydrate sources from whole grains, such as wheat, which are higher in fiber and contain lots of vitamins and minerals.

Foods that are included in refined carbohydrates include white rice, pasta, biscuits, bread, donuts, and pastries. You can replace it with brown rice, whole wheat bread, or whole wheat pasta.

3. Add low-calorie foods

If half a meal doesn’t make you feel full, the way to make up for the shortfall is to add low-calorie foods to your plate or make them a healthy snack.

One of the recommended low-calorie foods are vegetables and fruit. Both types of food are high in fiber so they can keep you full longer.

4. Exercise regularly

When undergoing a safe fast diet, it is not only eating patterns that must be changed, but also lifestyle. Therefore, you are advised to exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes every day to burn fat in the body.

In addition to exercising regularly, you can also increase physical activity such as using stairs instead of using escalators.

5. Drink lots of water

In undergoing a safe fast diet, you are encouraged to consume lots of water. A study states that consuming water before eating can reduce the desire to overeat, thus contributing to weight loss.

Although the fast diet method above is claimed to be safe, you also have to understand that everyone has a different body metabolism. This means that the effectiveness and results of the diet that is followed will be different for each person. Some are compatible with this diet method, some are not.

Before going on a fast diet, you must also understand the effects and risks that can occur. Fast diets can cause complaints in the form of headaches, fatigue, constipation, hair loss, emotional irritability, and even irregular menstruation.

A safe fast diet actually needs to be done based on the advice and supervision of a doctor. This is because there are bad effects that lurk, namely lack of nutrition. So, it’s good if you check with your doctor first before doing this diet.

The Importance of Recognizing Mental Development of Children Early

In addition to physical growth, the child’s character will further develop with age and need more attention from parents. Mental and psychological development affects the cognitive development of the baby too.

Stage of Cognitive Development of Children

Mother can recognize various stages of cognitive development. This will help the Mother a lot in determining the psychological development of the baby. The following four stages of cognitive development of children according to French psychologist, Jean Piaget:

  • Sensorimotor Stage

At the age of 2 years, the baby begins to learn about the world through the senses. Babies also begin to recognize objects before their eyes at this stage.

  • Preoperational Stage

Children aged 2-7 years develop memory and imagination. At this age, the baby is able to understand symbolic things and understand past and future ideas.

  • Concrete Operational Stage

At the age of 7-11, babies become more aware of external events and feelings other than their own feelings. They begin to understand that not everyone shares their thoughts, beliefs, or feelings.

  • Formal Operational Stage

At the age of 11 years or more, the baby begins to enter this stage. They can use logic to solve problems, see the world around them, and plan for the future.

Do you know? Cognitive development is based on the cognitive skills of the baby. Cognitive skills include attention, short-term memory, long-term memory, logic and reasoning, auditory processing, visual processing, and processing speed. If your baby is able to think, learn, read, remember, pay attention, and solve problems, it is a sign that his cognitive skills have been honed well.

Furthermore, short-term and long-term memory develops between the ages of 2 and 5 years. Hearing processing is very important for baby reading skills to develop between the ages of 5 and 7 years. Logic and reasoning also become more established during after the age of 5 years. At the age of 5 years, the cognitive development of Mother’s baby will increase so that he can make ideas.

The Important Role of Cognitive Skills

Mothers should start taking the initiative to train their children’s cognitive skills early on. This is the best way to support the development of children to adulthood, both mentally and psychologically.

It is not uncommon to find cases of children having chronic diseases when they are teenagers or even adults. That is due to the lack of emotional, social, and cognitive strength of children. Mothers should also apply positive values ​​for the development of the baby. This includes teaching children to compete positively, both in social and educational settings; increase self-confidence and maintain self-esteem; respect social and cultural rules to act on good morals; and hone sympathy and empathy for others.

Mental and psychological quality development will have a good effect on the temperament of the baby and personality as a teenager and adult. This also affects the long term as they begin to enter the career path phase.

When entering the early stages of maturity, children must have adaptive social functions that are good for their career lives. This can be measured by its stability. An unstable career especially in the context of long-term unemployment is associated with subjective satisfaction and low self-esteem. To achieve this is quite simple. Mothers can begin to exercise self-confidence in their potential early on.

Now Mother can find out whether the development of the baby, especially mentally and psychologically, is ripe or not at school age 5-12 years. There are several signs that Mother can recognize, including if the child is able to escape from parents for a limited time without causing tension.

Babies are also able to divert attention from parents to other adults so they are able to impress others besides their own parents. Children are also able to work with peers, and understand the rules of the game.

This ability is also enhanced by an interest in learning something new, and being able to complete a given task. When Mother finds these signs, it means that the baby is ripe mentally and psychologically.

If you have not found this mark, you may be able to consult with your child’s doctor or psychologist. The involvement of experts is very instrumental in determining the best steps to overcome this problem. One important note that you should pay attention to is to remain calm and always provide the best support for your beloved baby.

Maintaining Mental Health During the Corona Virus Pandemic

The Corona virus pandemic not only threatens physical health, but also the mental health of every individual. Not only fear, psychological effects can also have a serious impact. What mental health disorders can arise and how to overcome them?

Outbreaks of Corona virus infection or COVID-19 are widespread and have spread to more than 190 countries. At present the number of COVID-19 positive patients is increasing rapidly.

This certainly can cause fear and panic. Moreover, the suggestion to stay at home and the social distancing policy, which is now called physical distancing, more or less creates emotional distance between family, friends, coworkers, friends, or fellowship in places of worship that can provide mutual support.

For some people, this can be felt as an enormous pressure or burden. If not controlled, the pressure will have a negative impact on mental health.

Mental Health Disorders During Corona Virus Pandemic

Mental health disorders that occur during a pandemic can be caused by various things, such as fear of epidemics, feelings of isolation during quarantine, sadness and loneliness due to being away from family or loved ones, anxiety about the necessities of daily life, plus confusion due to information mazy.

Not only do these things affect people who have mental health problems, such as depression or generalized anxiety disorder, they can also affect people who are physically and mentally healthy.

Some groups that are vulnerable to psychological stress during the Corona virus pandemic are children, the elderly, and medical staff. Pressure that occurs during this pandemic can cause disruption in the form of:

  • Excessive fear and anxiety for the safety of yourself and those closest to you
  • Changes in sleep patterns and eating patterns
  • Difficult to concentrate
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Deteriorating physical health, especially in sufferers of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension
  • Psychosomatic disorders

Tips for Maintaining Mental Health During the Corona Virus Pandemic

The following are some things you can do to maintain mental health during the Corona virus pandemic:

1. Do physical activity

Various light sports, such as jogging or jumping on the spot, you can do during quarantine at home. By doing physical activity, your body will produce endorphins which can relieve stress, reduce worry, and improve your mood.

Stretching and breathing exercises can also help you to calm down. Don’t forget to bask in the morning sun to boost the immune system.

2. Eat nutritious foods

Eat foods that contain protein, healthy fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and fiber. You can get a variety of nutrients from rice and cereal, fruits, vegetables, seafood, meat, nuts, and milk.

Not only to maintain your body’s health, adequate nutrition can also maintain your mental health, both directly and indirectly.

3. Stop bad habits

If you are a smoker, try to stop these bad habits from now on. Smoking will increase your risk of getting infected with germs, including Corona virus. In addition, limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages can interfere with your physical and mental health.

Bad habits that also need to be stopped are lack of rest or often staying up late. If you don’t get enough rest, it will be easier for you to experience anxiety and your mood will be more unstable.

4. Make your own routine

During quarantine at home, you can do hobbies or activities that you like, such as cooking, reading books, or watching movies. In addition to increasing productivity, these activities can also eliminate boredom.

5. It is more wise to sort out information

Limit your time to watch, read, or hear news about pandemics, both from television, print and social media to reduce anxiety.

Even so, do not close yourself completely from important information. Sort out the information you receive critically and wisely. Get information about the Corona virus pandemic only from trusted sources.

6. Maintain communication with family and friends

Take the time to communicate with your family, friends, friends and coworkers, either via text message, telephone, or video call. You can tell the worries and anxieties that you feel. In this way, the pressure you feel can be reduced so that you can be calmer.

If you do have a mental disorder, take medication that your doctor has prescribed regularly. If necessary, check with your doctor regularly so your doctor can monitor the progress of your condition.

Fear and anxiety are normal during a pandemic like this. However, try to always think positive and grateful. If the stress and fear that you experience feels very heavy, do not hesitate to consult with a psychologist or psychiatrist through the chat feature with a doctor on the application.

Know Various Sperm Abnormalities

About 13 out of 100 couples find it difficult to have children despite having sex regularly. One reason is sperm abnormalities. This disorder can lie in the number, shape, or ability to move sperm cells.

Sperm cells are produced in the testes or testicles. Sperm cell production is influenced by many factors, such as testosterone levels and testicular temperature. When men ejaculate, millions of sperm cells will be released through the penis with a liquid called semen or semen.

These sperm cells will then move in the uterus to the fallopian tubes or female fallopian tubes, where sperm cells can fertilize the egg and cause pregnancy. If there are abnormalities in the number, shape, or ability to move sperm, fertilization of the egg will be more difficult.

To determine the condition of sperm cells, the doctor will suggest semen analysis or sperm examination. In this examination, semen ejaculated during masturbation will be accommodated in a sterile container and examined in a laboratory to find the presence or absence of sperm abnormalities.

Sperm Abnormalities in Terms of Number

The small number of sperm causes decreased chances of fertilization. This is because not all sperm that make it into the womb will successfully pass the fallopian tube and fertilize the egg.

A man is said to have oligozoospermia when the number of sperm cells released during ejaculation is less than 15 million cells per milliliter of semen, and is said to be azoospermia if his semen has no sperm at all.

Some conditions that can cause oligozoospermia or azoospermia are:

  • Hormonal disorders, such as low levels of the hormone testosterone
  • A history of the testicles did not descend into the testicular sac (cryptorchidism) as a child
  • Widening of veins in the scrotum (varicocele)
  • Infection of the testicles or surrounding structures due to bacteria, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea; or infections due to viruses, such as mumps
  • Blockage or damage to the epididymis and vas deferens which serves to deliver sperm out of the testis
  • Smoking habits, excessive alcohol consumption, or using illegal drugs
  • Overweight or obese
  • Use of certain antibiotic and corticosteroid drugs
  • History of chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Sperm Disorders in Terms of Motion Ability

Sperm that can move in the uterus and reach the fallopian tube are sperm that have good motility or ability to move. Conversely, sperm that have poor motility move slowly, spin around, or even not move at all.

Sperm are said to be motile (actively moving) if they are able to move forward, at least 25 micrometers every second.

If a man has a sperm count with normal motility less than 40% of the total sperm he ejects, then the man is said to have asthenozoospermia. The smaller the percentage of motile sperm, the smaller the chance of conception.

Some things that can increase a man’s risk of experiencing asthenozoospermia are:

  • Genetic or hereditary factors
  • Smoking habits, especially when smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day
  • Varicocele, which is the dilation of veins in the scrotum
  • Abnormalities in the male reproductive glands, such as the seminal vesicle glands that produce semen.

Sperm Abnormalities in Terms of Shape

Normal sperm cells have an oval head and a long tail. The shape of the sperm cell head will greatly affect the ability of the sperm to penetrate the egg and fertilize. The tail of the sperm is also important to determine the ability of sperm.

If the sperm cell shape is not normal, the chances of conception will decrease. A man is said to have teratozoospermia if the number of normal-sized sperm is less than 14% of the total sperm he produces. The smaller the number, the lower the fertility rate of a man.

Some things that can cause abnormalities in the form of sperm are:

  • Elderly
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Use of illegal drugs
  • Smoking habit
  • Exposure to radiation or hazardous chemicals

Sperm disorders, both in terms of number, shape, and ability to move, can interfere with male fertility. To reduce the risk of abnormalities in sperm and improve sperm quality, you need to adopt a healthy lifestyle, such as regular exercise and eating nutritious foods.

Research shows that adequate intake of antioxidants, such as vitamin C and beta carotene, can help maintain sperm health. These antioxidants are widely found in vegetables and fruits.

If you have had sexual intercourse routinely for 1 year but have not succeeded in having children, you and your partner should consult a doctor. The doctor will conduct a series of examinations to find out the cause, including examination of semen to determine the presence or absence of sperm abnormalities.